BHAGVAT GITA SUMMARY

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter X

Brahman, God, pervades the whole universe and exists beyond it as well, in Its pristine Glory. Thus there are two dimensions to Brahman – the pure, unmanifested aspect that cannot be conceived by the human intellect and the manifested aspect which expresses as the myriad glories in the world. Krsna begins by pointing towards the unmanifest, transcendent facet. Even the gods and great sages do not know this aspect as Atman is not an object of comprehension. It is the very subject enabling you to understand. It is unborn, without beginning and the substratum of the universe. One who knows the yoga and vibhuti realises the Self – one who understands Brahman and how exactly It manifests in the world knows all that needs to be known. He is the Enlightened One. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter XI

Arjuna has heard of Krsna’s divine glories in chapter ten. He now wants to see for himself the one universal Form containing the whole of creation. He asks Krsna to reveal his splendour. Krsna readily grants his wish. However, He tells Arjuna that he would not see this Form with normal eyes and gives him divine eyes with which the universal Form would be visible. In other words, this is no ordinary perception, it is a visualisation. Thus, only two people – Arjuna and Sanjaya – saw this vision in the battlefield of Kuruksetra which had thousands of warriors. They were granted this extraordinary sight by Krsna and Vyasa respectively. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter XII

The Bhagavad Gita invites you to partake of the power of devotion, bhakti. Modern life magnifies the boundaries that keep you in a state of separateness. Vedanta draws you to experience a vitality greater than your own by identifying with the whole rather than just your little self. It takes you from a deeply entrenched position of antagonism to one of concern, understanding and respect. With Vedanta you move from a feeling of isolation to communication with others. And finally to communion with the Divine. You become God. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter XIII

Children enjoy playing with masks. The more distorted and grotesque the mask, the greater the thrill. The secret of their amusement is the fact that they know the masks are different from them. They are immune to the aberrations of the masks. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter XIV

The Bhagavad Gita helps achieve excellence in the world. And takes us beyond, to the state of Enlightenment. The Gita makes a thorough analysis of the human personality, identifies the areas of weakness and removes them. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter XV

With imagery taken from the Katha Upanishad, Krsna portrays the entire universe as the Asvattha or pipal tree with root above and branches below. The root is Brahman, God, the branches are the manifestations in the world. The secondary roots that emerge from the main root are the vasanas, ignorance. The branches are activities that go upward, take you toward evolution, or downward to degradation. In this chapter, Krsna urges you to cut apart this firmly rooted tree of the material world with the weapon of detachment. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter XVI

Every human being is a fascinating combination of divine and demonic qualities. We all have the devil in us. Something that makes us pursue self-destructive ways. Yet, even the worst among us has extraordinarily divine traits. Our success depends on how well we are able to operate out of our own goodness and marginalize the demonic qualities. The Chapter enumerates 26 qualities of the divine and six qualities of the demonic. Krsna assures Arjuna that he is born of the divine temperament. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter XVII

In Chapter 16 Krsna says that a person who merely pursues desire and ignores the advice of the scriptures attains neither success nor happiness and does not evolve spiritually. Here Arjuna asks what is the fate of a person who disregards the mandate of the scriptures but sacrifices with sraddha? Sraddha is translated as faith but has a far deeper meaning. It is a combination of devotion and intellectual focus that is maintained with clarity until the goal is achieved. It is the ability to conceive a goal and constantly put in effort towards it until the mission is accomplished. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter XVIII

The eighteenth chapter is Krsna’s final message. It begins with Arjuna asking for precise definitions of the two most important concepts in Vedanta – sannyasa renunciation and tyaga resignation. Krsna quotes the wise sages of the past. He clarifies that sannyasa is giving up of desire-driven actions while tyaga is giving up the fruits of action. Contrary to popular perception neither sannyasa nor tyaga implies giving up action. Action continues, giving up the two things that come in the way of excellence in action – desire from the past and anxiety for the fruit which belongs to the future. Desire is necessary to initiate action. Without desire no action will be undertaken. Similarly there is always a fruit in mind before acting. However, while executing action 100% of the mind must be focussed on the action. If at this time the mind meanders into the dead past or unborn future it is not concentrating on the present action. Action becomes faulty and ineffective, leading to failure. […]

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