12. A bhogi becomes a yogi by looking beyond the small ‘self’ to a higher ideal. As his focus shifts to the goal he becomes disinterested in the fruit of action. When a tennis player is dedicated to the game of tennis he is no longer interested in the result of every match.
A yogi moves through several limited, worldly goals. When he achieves one ideal his attention shifts to a higher one. Thus he moves to the final goal of Realisation. A sannyasi has only one goal – that of the transcendental Reality. The jnani has become the Goal.
The ayukta, disunited one, the bhogi, is bound by desire and attachment. Desire causes inefficiency and failure. Desire makes you unhappy. And desire prevents you from achieving the goal. As long as the desire is not fulfilled your mind will be agitated.
The yukta, united one, is either a yogi or sannyasi. He is focused on the goal of Realisation. He drops anxiety for the fruit as well as the desire for it. Hence he is not bound.
13. Verses 13, 14 and 15 define a jnani.
Having renounced all actions by the mind – Renunciation is mental, not physical. You do not give up actions. You continue acting, dropping desire and attachment that obstruct perfect action. Renunciation is not giving up something you value. It is the understanding of something that is of greater value. Renunciation is the effect. The cause is Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Jnana Yoga. You renounce the wrapper and eat the chocolate. You renounce the peel and eat the orange.
Vashi – self controlled. From our perspective it appears to be control. From his standpoint he has no interest in the world. Self control is absolutely essential in any achievement – material or spiritual.
Dehi – embodied. You are not the body. You live in the body. Just as you live in a house, you are not the house. But if you get tied to the house it becomes a prison. Similarly because of your unintelligent identification to the body you have become imprisoned by the body. You have lost the freedom to enter and exit the body at will.
Nine-gated city – Body with two eyes, two ears, two nostrils, mouth, anus and genital organ as described in the Kathopanisad. A jnani rests happily in the body. He is paripurna totally fulfilled and has nothing to do, nowhere to go and no pressure of desires within.
He neither acts nor causes action. He has become Atman and is free from desire and ego. Because of identification with the body you live a blinkered life. A jnani is free from delusion and does not suffer from want or deprivation.