18. Who is a yukta purusa, one established in union with Self?

Viniyatam cittam – One with a completely restrained mind. This is achieved with a strong intellect and through the practices of Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Jnana Yoga. Act with the attitude of giving, embrace all beings with love and understand the impermanence of life.

Atmani eva avatishthate – Mind fixed on the Self alone. The mind is generally restless and oscillating. It does not come to rest anywhere.

Nihsprha sarvakamebhya – Free from craving for all objects of desire. When you feel fulfilled the mind does not generate the lava of desires that normally arises when you feel deprived and deficient.




19. The metaphor of a lamp in a windless place is often used in the scriptures. The flame represents the mind. The similarities are:

1. When the flame flickers it is of no use to people. An agitated mind is of nuisance value to others.

2. When the flame wavers there is no light. When the mind is disturbed you have no access to your knowledge.

3. The slightest breeze disturbs the flame. Passing fancies disturb the mind. You need the shade of spiritual discipline to protect the mind.

4. A steady flame points upward and exhausts the oil. A calm mind thinks of the higher and burns the fuel of vasanas, unmanifest desires.

5. A disturbed flame is easily put out. An agitated mind cannot think or act.

6. The flame remains as long as there is oil in the lamp. The mind stays until there are vasanas.

7. The wick gets destroyed when the oil is consumed. The ego vanishes when the vasanas are exhausted.

When the mind is weak it is susceptible to the attractions of the world.

Patanjali says the mind can be in two states – gathered or scattered. A scattered mind has no power. It is ineffective and unproductive. A gathered mind is powerful. Hence control of the mind is absolutely essential to translate rare talent into success.