9. The jnani views different kinds of people equally. The key word is samabuddhi . The verse describes various people.
Materially good and bad people are:
Suhrut – good-hearted, potentially good
Dveshya – hostile, potentially bad
Mitra – friend, manifest their goodness
Ari – adversary, manifest their evil
Udasina – unconcerned, may be good or bad
Madhyastha – impartial, neither good nor evil
Bandhu – relative, intends and does good
The spiritual good and bad are:
Sadhu – saint, righteous
Papi – sinner, unrighteous
When a waker re-enters a dream he is samabuddhi to the people in the dream. Similarly a Realised One who has moved up to the fourth plane of Consciousness has equal regard for all. The difference is in knowledge. Knowledge of the higher gives equal vision to the lower.
You begin by understanding that vasanas, nature, functions. Everyone is a helpless victim of his own disposition. Try as he might he cannot change in the present. Then you are at peace. When you complain or pass judgement it only indicates a lack of understanding on your part. Hence you are disturbed and agitated. How absurd to suffer for another’s fault!
As you begin to gain this understanding you see people with equal regard. If they had been exposed to the right knowledge and upbringing they would be good. Everyone is a victim of nature and nurture.
Then you become stable, never fluctuating. Only an unaffected person functions properly. Such a one excels in the world and gains Enlightenment.
10. Verses 10 to 15 prepare you for meditation. Krsna emphasises control. Control comes with strengthening of intellect and reduction of desires. Intellect is strengthened with the study, reflection and absorption of Vedanta. Desires are reduced by the practices of Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Jnana Yoga. Karma Yoga is maintaining the attitude of giving in all actions. Bhakti Yoga is developing gratitude for all that you have received in life. Jnana Yoga is zeroing in on the permanent in and through the impermanent aspects of life.
Then you get to the state of uparati, withdrawal from the world,. You develop dispassion for all worldly things. The mind remains calm and unperturbed. It is fit for meditation. Such a person should
Rahasi – Find a secluded place. Select a quiet time if finding a quiet place is difficult.
Aparigraha – without possessiveness.
Then remove the disturbances from:
World – Be alone. Meditation in groups is a distraction.
Physical body – Right posture.
Mind – Senses and mind controlled.
Intellect – Gross intellect ensures you are free from desire. Subtle intellect constantly tries to unite with Atman.