Bhagavad Gita Chapter IV - Verse 33 & Verse 34 Print E-mail

Verse 33



Krsna gives the hierarchy of the four yajnas of giving. With dravya yajna you give wealth which is objects of the world only. When you do tapoyajna you give your physical service which is qualitatively superior. Quantitatively you give objects as well as your gross body. In yoga yajna you give your emotions and knowledge, far better than the earlier two. In quantum you give subtle body, gross body and objects. With svadhyaya jnana yajna you give Atman, the best. You give of yourself entirely – objects, gross body, subtle body as well as Spirit.


So begin with giving wealth and gradually move up the ladder.


All actions culminate in wisdom. The yajnas begin with the receipt of stimuli. Sound and other stimuli enter and perception is kindled. Perception is offered and restraint is kindled. All perceptions are controlled to achieve Self Realisation. So perception ends with Atman. Action begins with the giving of wealth, moves on through physical effort, mind, intellect and Atman. Thus all actions end in wisdom, knowledge of Self. The effort is in extricating Atman from action.


Verse 34



This verse gives the qualifications of a student as well as the attributes of a guru. Krsna assures the ardent student that a competent teacher will give him the requisite knowledge to get to Realisation.


A good student has the following qualities:


1. Pranipata – prostration, obeisance. When you prostrate the head and heart are in line with the feet of the guru. This signifies devotion, love. Where there is love knowledge is transmitted effortlessly. If you doubt the bonafides of a person you cannot learn or benefit from him. Do not judge or condemn people without reason. With devotion you are open to gaining knowledge as the mind is calm and you are free from doubt and agitation. Devotion is developed by gratitude. Be aware of all that you have been blessed with. Appreciate and be thankful for all that you have received in life.


2. Parirasna – Devotion does not imply blind following. Reflect upon the teachings carefully. Where you do not understand ask freely. The intellect must be alert and active. You can only live your convictions. You cannot follow someone else’s principles, however true they may be.


3. Seva – Service is a very important aspect of spiritual practice. Without service you tend to get arrogant. When you are grateful for what you have received you naturally develop the urge to serve, give back, contribute to the cause that the guru has devoted his life to. No guru needs any service from the student. There is nothing Arjuna can add to Krna’s state of infinite Bliss. Yet every guru emphasizes service for the benefit of the student.


Thus approach a teacher with devotion, learn by questioning and show your gratitude by cultivating a general attitude of service towards all.


Then the right guru will come along. You do not have to go shopping for a teacher. Just develop these three attributes. A guru who has experienced the Truth and knows how to communicate will teach you.


Previous Next