BHAGVAT GITA SUMMARY

Bhagavad Gita – Introduction

The Bhagavad Gita is the most enchanting and comprehensive dissertation on how an ordinary mortal can rise above petty, personal preoccupations to become the extraordinary immortal Spirit. It draws from the sublime truths of the Upanisads and presents them as a practical technique of living. The Gita has generated deep interest among seekers of Truth worldwide and has been translated into almost every major language. Yet it is enigmatic and eludes the grasp of most people. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter I

The first chapter is titled Arjuna Visada Yoga or Yoga of Arjuna’s Grief. While there is not much philosophy here it gives valuable insight into the human personality. It begins with Dhrtarastra’s question to Sanjaya. The Bhagavad Gita is conveyed to us by Sanjaya, the commentator of the Gita who was endowed with the special privilege of seeing the proceedings at Kurukshetra from the palace in Hastinapur, a distance of about 120 kms. Sage Vyasa, the composer of the Gita, conferred this gift to Sanjaya. Dhrtarastra asks Sanjaya what his sons and the sons of Pandu are doing. The root of all conflict and war is a feeling of separateness – mine versus yours – which Dhrtarastra displays. Pandu was his brother and Pandu’s sons were like his own. Yet he differentiates between his sons and those of Pandu’s. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter II

A stream cut off from the main river stagnates, putrefies and dies. Similarly a human being disconnected from the totality degenerates and falls into error, delusion and grief. The Bhagavad Gita lifts you out of despair and awakens you to your own glory and power. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter III

The chapter opens with Arjuna’s dilemma. He asks Krsna, “You maintain that knowledge is superior to action. Then why do you ask me to engage in this terrible action? Tell me one definite path that will take me to shreya, the highest spiritual Goal.” Krsna answers that since ancient times there have been two distinct paths for humanity – the path of action for the active, and the path of knowledge for the contemplative. Those with many desires have to act while those with fewer desires need to study and ponder. Arjuna is an active person and must do Karma Yoga, the fascinating method by which you move Godward while mundane actions get accomplished. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter IV

The real guru is Atman. In any spiritual discourse the guru can get across only to the extent he has unfolded the Self. In every age an enlightened Soul appears whenever dharma, righteousness, declines and there is an upsurge in adharma, unrighteousness. He protects the good, destroys evil and resurrects values in society. Since time immemorial India has been blessed with a galaxy of enlightened sages who have led society from falsehood to Truth, from darkness to the light of wisdom, from mortality to Immortality. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter V

A fisherman casts his net to four kinds of fish. One does not get ensnared in the net and is always free. A few struggle to escape and manage to swim away. Others strive to get out but are still imprisoned. The majority, however, bite the net and relax. They are not even aware that they are in a life-threatening situation. They do not feel the danger. Yet a few moments later they are dead. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter VI

Entitled “The Yoga of Meditation”, chapter 6 of the Bhagavad Gita elucidates meditation as the final gateway to Self Realisation. Meditation is more than just shutting one’s eyes and repeating a mantra or word symbol. It is the highest spiritual technique that needs to be practised diligently and devotedly by qualified practitioners. The essential prerequisite for meditation is a calm mind. A mind burdened with desires and attachments is unable to take off into subtler realms of concentration and meditation. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter VII

In the first six chapters Krsna has given all the knowledge required for a person to lift off from the material realm to heights of Perfection. Arjuna, however, remains unmoved. He has not assimilated the knowledge. He needs to ponder over it to transform it to wisdom. This is the case with us all. There is a huge gap between knowing and doing. Like Arjuna we speak words of wisdom. But we are unable to use the knowledge to overcome the challenges of life and emerge victorious. This is because we have not followed through the three phases of sravana, manana and nidhidhyasana. Sravana is listening or reading, the intake of knowledge. Having listened, we need to reflect and mull over it, contemplate on it, look at it from different angles. Only then will the knowledge get integrated into our system. This is called manana. When the knowledge is internalised we begin to live it. Nidhidhyasana is meditation which leads to Realisation, the last step to gaining knowledge of Self. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter VIII

Krsna begins the chapter with precise definitions of Brahman, Atman and action. He then goes on to highlight the power of thought. You are a product of your thoughts. You sculpt your own future by guiding your thoughts towards your goal. If the goal is worldly, you remain caught up in the vagaries of the world. However, if you have invested your thoughts in the spiritual ideal, you break free from the cycle of birth and death to merge with Brahman. […]

Bhagavad Gita – Chapter IX

Krsna refers to the knowledge of the Bhagavad Gita as the royal secret. It is the highest and noblest knowledge. The absolute Knowledge that illumines all other knowledge. Hence it is referred to as royal. It is also unknown to all – secret. Atman is so profound and subtle that it eludes the grasp of most people. Yet it pervades the entire universe and exists beyond as well in Its pristine glory. […]

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